Garfield Peak, Crater Lake National Park

4.9
#4 of 9 in Trails in Crater Lake National Park
Garfield Peak is a mountain peak on the south end of Crater Lake in Crater Lake National Park, Oregon. The top of the peak reaches 7976ft above sea level. The peak has a 1000ft elevation trail to the summit from the Crater Lake lodge, one of the most popular hiking sites surrounding the lake. The 1.7 mile trail continues East toward Applegate peak (7976ft high). The peak is one of seven peaks on Crater Lake's rim to rise above 8000ft.
The Garfield Peak was named in honor of James Rudolph Garfield, the Secretary of Interior for President Teddy Roosevelt, who created the national park in 1902. Garfield visited the park in 1907, the first cabinet member to visit Crater Lake.
Garfield Peak was created after Mount Mazama, a large stratovolcano, erupted violently approximately 7,700 years ago, formed on the rim of its caldera which now contains Crater Lake. The walls along the southern rim of Crater Lake have had a peculiar influence from sulfur steams coming off fumaroles, which color the rock especially on Garfield Peak, the Eagle Crags and Applegate trail. The rock color frequently changes from shades of red, brown, to yellow. The reds and browns of the igneous rocks tend to be a result of the initial stages of rock decay and the inevitable pigments made by a long-standing combination of oxygen, iron, and water.
This combination of iron oxide with water forms a resulting chemical compound called mineral limonite, which has a brown color. When the iron oxide combines with more diluted amounts of water, the resulting color is yellow. In the cases where no water has entered into the reaction, the color of the resulting rock is red, forming the mineral hematite. In some areas, soluble and insoluble iron compounds mix with each other producing a greenish color rock. All these colors of rock with varying shades based on various stages of dilution can be seen on Garfield Peak, including its trailside.
For travelers who use our custom trip planner, Crater Lake National Park holidays become easier to arrange, with trips to the Garfield Peak and other attractions mapped out and timetabled.
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Garfield Peak Reviews
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TripAdvisor Traveler Rating 5.0
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Google
5.0
TripAdvisor
  • If you have only one day at Crater Lake and are in decent physical shape, this is the way to see it. The trailhead is at the parking lot for Crater Lake Lodge. 1.8 miles later you have one of the best...  more »
  • The Garfield Peak trail is located behind the Crater Lake Lodge. The trail is rocky after the blacktop ends and is a tough climb at times up to the top. Once you arrive at the peak, all of the hard wo...  more »
Google
  • If you are not afraid of a little workout go up here, it's excellent.
  • Good hike with a close view of Crater Lake from the top, come early for parking.
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