Harmony Borax Works, Furnace Creek

4.0
#1 of 7 in Historic Sites in Death Valley National Park
The Harmony Borax Works is located in Death Valley at Furnace Creek Springs, then called Greenland. It is now located within Death Valley National Park in Inyo County, California. It is on the National Register of Historic Places.
After discovery of Borax deposits here by Aaron and Rosie Winters in 1881, business associates William Tell Coleman and Francis Marion Smith subsequently obtained claims to these deposits, opening the way for "large-scale" borax mining in Death Valley. The Harmony operation became famous through the use, from 1883 to 1889, of large Twenty-mule teams and double wagons which hauled borax the long overland route to the closest railroad in Mojave, California.
During the summer months, when it was too hot to crystallize borax in Death Valley, a smaller borax mining operation shifted to his Amargosa Borax Plant in Amargosa, near the present community of Tecopa, California. The Harmony Works remained under Coleman's operation until 1888, when his business collapsed.
William Coleman's original holdings in the works were subsequently acquired by Frank M. "Borax" Smith in 1890, to become the Pacific Coast Borax Company with the 20 Mule Team Borax brand. Activity at Harmony Borax Works ceased with the development of the richer Colemanite borax deposits at Borate in the Calico Mountains, where they continued until 1907.
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Harmony Borax Works Reviews
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4.4
TripAdvisor
  • The remains of the Harmony Borax Mine is a testament to man's determination to pull tons of Borax from the earth, transport it miles away then haul in water to boil and process the ore- all of this in...  more »
  • Back in the past before modern machines to extract the Borax from the bottom of Death Valley ... A whole era ...
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  • Really cool place in Death Valley. Easily accessible and a cool step into the old history of the area. Read up on it before you go, makes for a better visit to visual the true history of this place.
  • If you are old enough to remember the tales of the 20 mule team borax wagons you will know why I liked it
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